Traditional Jewellery of Gujarat presents a remarkable variety across the various communities inhabiting the state. Gujarat is a culturally enriched state on the western coast of India and its cultural vivacity reflects well through the traditional Gujarati jewellery as well as costumes. The article focuses on famous designs of Gujarati jewellery.
The beauty of the traditional Gujarati jewellery can best be understood during the festivals such as Navratri or Dussehra when the natives put on their best traditional attires along with the jewellery and are in a mood to celebrate. Lavish jewellery and accessories are sported by the people of Gujarat during the festival. A royal sense of style, artistry, and gracefulness are perfectly showcased through the various traditional costumes and Gujarati jewellery.
Gujarati Jewellery Styles
Gujarati jewellery styles represent a perfect blend of both modern and ancient traditions that have shaped this state and just like the diversified geographical aspect of Gujarat. Gujarat is well known for its diverse culture, traditional silver jewellery, and vibrant outfits. The jewellery complementing the traditional Gujarati costumes is generally heavy, artistic, and intricately crafted. The most common Gujarati jewellery styles adorned by the women include earrings, necklaces, waist chains, mangalsutra, tassel key rings, armlets/bangles, and nathini/nose pins.
In Gujarat, the most common forms of jewellery are made from agate, silver, and beads. Silver is used to fashioning earrings, nose rings, bangles, and necklaces that are sold across the state. Silver bars are converted into sheets and wires which are molded into various ornaments and jewellery.
The lavishness and richness of Gujarati culture and tradition find the most aesthetic expression in Traditional Gujarati Jewellery. Jewellery is not just a means for embellishment, but more of an investment. It is a mark of identity, a display of wealth, and therefore, a symbol of pride. The Gujarati men may wear golden chains and rings and accessorize their outfits with an embellished turban. Men wear silver ornaments that add gravity to their masculinity.
Here’s a list of traditional Gujarati jewellery names and everything that we need to know about them.
Earrings (Bali in Gujarati)
In Gujarat, women usually wear traditional silver earrings such as a pair of mirror jhumkas, and silver stud earrings (known as Ghudsaal in Gujarati) adorned with intricate work, silver danglers with cut work, silver earrings studded with gemstones and floral work.
Silver Armlet (Bajuband in Gujarati)
A silver armlet is worn on the upper arm. Usually made with oxidized or German silver, it is worn by both men and women in the rural areas of Gujarat. Oxidized silver is used because it is cheaper than pure silver metal and doesn’t cut a hole in the pockets of the people. In some areas, men and women also wear big bangles/kadas (known as Patla bangles).
Patla Bangles: This is a traditional Meenakari resin white bangles of Gujarat. The bangles have rich detailed work in Kundan, pearls, and other precious gemstones.
Nath or Nose Pin (Kil in Gujarati)
Nathini, famous among Gujarati as well as Rajasthani women consists of a big golden ring and a chain that can be tied to the hair. This nathini is often adorned with a precious/semi-precious gemstone such as Rose Quartz, Amethyst, Diamond, etc. A nose pin (known as Kil) is usually made with silver metal. While some women prefer a small stud, some like to wear a big nose pin adorned with floral work.
Waist Belt (Gujarati Kandora)
This is a type of Gujarati jewellery that is usually worn by women on a festive occasion or a wedding. Made with silver, it elevates the overall appeal of a woman’s look. A fancy Kamar-Bandh worn around the waist known as ‘Kandora’ is popular Gujarati jewellery. It is mostly designed in silver.
Necklace (Rani Haar and Chandan Haar)
This is a traditional style worn by the brides of Gujarat. It comes with a royal appeal that is just perfect to accentuate the bride’s look with a statement yet subtle charm.
- Kundan Rani Haar: This is a very traditional and royal piece of jewellery worn by the bride which accentuates her beauty even more.
- Chandan Haar: Very similar to the grandeur associated with Rani Haar, Chandan Haar too holds a very significant place amongst the other traditional ornaments. The design is very abstract with four strands of gold attached together.
Mathapatti (Gujarati Damini)
This is also worn by a bride at her wedding. A traditional Damini consists of a .maang tikka (worn on the forehead) and side strings that are tied to the hair. Damini is worn on the forehead and its side loops are attached to the sides and the middle. A head jewellery that has several gold chains linked together with enticing motifs encrusted with rubies and emeralds.
Earrings with Hair Chains (Kundan Batti)
A pair of traditional Kundan Batti consists of hair chains that pass over the crown of the head. It is one of the most worn earrings styles by Gujarati women.
Gujarati Jewellery Styles Worn on Festive Occasions (Garba/Dandiya Night)
Dandiya is the most popular dance in Gujarat. Originated in Gujarat, it holds a significant place in Navratri celebrations. The attire for Dandiya consists of chaniya-choli with bandhani dupattas for women and traditional kedias for men.
The Gujarati Jewellery that is worn by the women usually consists of chunky oxidized necklaces, bangles/kadas, heavy silver jhumkas adorned with colorful stones and tassels, colorful maang tikka sets, etc.
Since the Dandiya night is celebrated on a large ground with hundreds of people, it is very important for each and every woman to look her best on this day. The traditional clothes and Gujarati jewellery adorned by women on a Dandiya night are seen as a symbol of pride in society.
Kundan Butti: A very exquisitely designed earring that consists of a chain that passes over the crown of the head and the Kundan Buttis are hung as earrings from the earlobe.
Peacock Jhumkas: No Dandiya look is complete without a piece of peacock jewellery. This is why it is a must-have accessory for every woman.
Statement Oxidized Silver Necklace: A statement necklace is one of the best accessories that one can style her Dandiya outfit with. Available in a plethora of designs, it can elevate even the drabbest of your outfits in seconds. And when it comes to one’s Garba look, trust us, it will only fetch her tons of compliments. This is a versatile style of Gujarati jewellery, the one that can be paired with your chaniya-choli on the dandiya night as well as with his or her work outfit.
Colorful Meenakari Jhumkas: We’ve got the most beautiful Meenakari earrings that will help us to steal glances on the Dandiya night. Intricate Meenakari work done by the Artisans makes them the kind of finery we would want to wear with our Dandiya outfit. The best thing about our collection of Meenakari earrings is that one can wear them with her ethnic and fusion outfits alike.
Traditional Gujarati Jewellery for Women
Gujarati women wear jewellery like bangles, earrings, necklaces, chains, nose pins, and rings. They also flaunt ornate, tassel key rings on their waist. Married women have Mangalsutra strung around their neckline and apply vermilion or Sindoor on the parting of their hair in order to symbolize the holy bond of Marriage. Gujarati women in the villages adorn themselves with tribal silver jewellery.
Traditional Gujarati Jewellery for Men
The Gujarati men may wear golden chains and rings and accessorize their outfits with an embellished turban. Men wear silver ornaments that add gravity to their masculinity.
Mintly, the hiring marketplace for the gems, jewellery, and metals industry, provides information on different traditional designs of various states and Indian cultures.