In India, the Constitution is the main source for all the laws, most of the labor laws emanated from Central acts, and a few like the Shops and Establishment Act, etc. can be seen as State laws. We have experienced a quantum leap in workforce demand to catch up and sustain growth due to economic liberalization.
Ministry of MSME, GOI, estimated to employ about 73 million workers in over 31 million units throughout the country, the major industries in the Indian Economy are Iron & Steel, Textile, Jute, Sugar, Cement, Paper, Petrochemical, Automobile, Information & Technology (IT) and Banking & Insurance. Construction, trade, transport, storage, miscellaneous services, and education has created jobs post-liberalization / globalization. Without statutes, employees would be vulnerable to several threats in their employment.
Globalization – the paradigm shift
The effects of Globalisation were tandem with working culture and invariably on timings too, as to cater to the global market working on a global time clock became inevitable, leveraging the night work in India.
However, some adverse impacts of night work on an individual i.e. his/her family due to changes in the body clock lead to stress which would eventually lead to medical conditions that disturb the entire family.
The individuals who cope or get into the night shift jobs grove generally get socially disengaged. This issue in the manufacturing sector is minimized to a major extent due to rotational shift duties.
But, in the present scenario, IT companies (BPOs, Call centers where allied services to many industries are provided globally) require a set of dedicated staff handling night work which is fixed with their employment.
Some of the night shift jobs are: Jobs in Tech, Sales, BPO sales, Phone banking, Fleet managing executives, managers, customer service operations, network administrators, import/ export documentation, paramedics, etc., Remuneration in this industry is competitive with provisions provided as per norms (Statutes).
Night Shift jobs work
In today’s day, the general working hours concept i.e. office hours is 9 hours (with 45-60 mins of break).
Still, in manufacturing units governed under various statutes, the work is on continuous process different teams of workers must be organized in staggered or successive shifts to cover the work throughout the operating period.
Rotating shifts here means employees are subject to variations in working time, which is divided into shifts of a maximum of 8 hours as stipulated in the statutes, there are 3 shifts (2 in day and 1 in night) in the general concept of shifts and a general shift which is equal to office hours.
As working time is fixed, rotating, or staggered or successive shifts, no additional remuneration is due in this arrangement. Where work is being done beyond this provision by a particular employee attracts overtime where he is eligible for compensation either monetarily or as per any agreement.
As per the Job portals in India, there are around 50 thousand plus jobs (approx). These jobs are mostly around 25 to 30 job locations i.e. in the main cities in India.
In India legislations like the: Plantation Labour Act, 1951, Factories Act, 1948, and State-wise Shops & Establishment Act, etc., contain provisions restricting work during the night for women.
Night shifts generally refer to working hours between 7.00 pm to 6.00 am.
Provisions of night shift jobs
Industry-wise the provisions are made, such as manufacturing industry – employee/workforce working in the shift are provided with:
- Reduced workload
In the IT industry there is provision for women employees working after 8.00 pm i.e. special arrangements like transportation from office till doorstep, schedule job shift jointly in group gender wise, vehicle transporting women employees to be given a special pass, Vehicle transporting women staff in the night should be equipped with:
GPS devices, SMS alerts to be initiated, and Collection of identification details of the driver.
Extra pay for working night shift jobs is a matter of agreement between the employer and the employee (or the employee’s representative). The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not require extra pay for night work.
The night shift – also known as the third shift – is usually a shift that goes after midnights, such as an 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. shift, or a 5 p.m. to 2 a.m. shift. Changes ending before midnight are often called an afternoon shift since they begin in the afternoon.
Do the night shift jobs pay more?
Extra pay for working night shifts is a matter of agreement between the employer and the employee (or the employee’s representative). The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not require extra pay for night work.
Are 12-hour night shift jobs legal?
A 12-hour night shift job is legal provided the average length of a night shift job does not exceed 8 hours in 24 hours when measured over a standard reference period of 17 weeks.
Pay for Night shift jobs workers
There isn’t a mandatory higher rate for working nights, although some businesses may choose to pay more (and we think you probably should).
Mintly has a list of overnight and night shift jobs be it night shift part-time jobs or online jobs, night shift work from home, night shift BPO jobs, etc. listed for the jewelry, gems, and precious metals industry on its page.