Career Counselling and Guidance

Night Shift Jobs in India

The Mintly Team

The Mintly Team

September 19, 2022

In India, the Constitution is the main source for all the laws, most of the labor laws emanated from Central acts, and a few like the Shops and Establishment Act, etc. can be seen as State laws. We have experienced a quantum leap in workforce demand to catch up and sustain growth due to economic liberalization.

Ministry of MSME, GOI, estimated to employ about 73 million workers in over 31 million units throughout the country, the major industries in the Indian Economy are Iron & Steel, Textile, Jute, Sugar, Cement, Paper, Petrochemical, Automobile, Information & Technology (IT) and Banking & Insurance. Construction, trade, transport, storage, miscellaneous services, and education has created jobs post-liberalization / globalization. Without statutes, employees would be vulnerable to several threats in their employment.

Globalization – the paradigm shift

The effects of Globalization were tandem with working culture and invariably on timings too, as to cater to the global market working on a global time clock became inevitable, leveraging the night work in India.

However, some adverse impacts of night work on an individual i.e. his/her family due to changes in the body clock lead to stress which would eventually lead to medical conditions that disturb the entire family.

The individuals who cope or get into the night shift jobs grove generally get socially disengaged. This issue in the manufacturing sector is minimized to a major extent due to rotational shift duties.

But, in the present scenario, IT companies (BPOs, Call centers where allied services to many industries are provided globally) require a set of dedicated staff handling night work which is fixed with their employment.

Some of the night shift jobs are: Jobs in Tech, Sales, BPO sales, Phone banking, Fleet managing executives, managers, customer service operations, network administrators, import/ export documentation, paramedics, etc., Remuneration in this industry is competitive with provisions provided as per norms (Statutes).

Night Shift jobs work

Premium Photo | Aasian technical support team working night shift jobs in call center

In today’s day, the general working hours concept i.e. office hours is 9 hours (with 45-60 mins of break).

Still, in manufacturing units governed under various statutes, the work is on continuous process different teams of workers must be organized in staggered or successive shifts to cover the work throughout the operating period.

Rotating shifts here means employees are subject to variations in working time. This is divided into shifts of a maximum of 8 hours as stipulated in the statutes. There are 3 (2 in day and 1 in night) and a general one which is equal to office hours.

As working time is fixed, rotating, or staggered or successive shifts, no additional remuneration is due in this arrangement. Where work is being done beyond this provision by a particular employee attracts overtime where he is eligible for compensation either monetarily or as per any agreement.

As per the Job portals in India, there are around 50 thousand plus jobs (approx). These jobs are mostly around 25 to 30 job locations i.e. in the main cities in India.

Legislations regarding Overtime and Night shift jobs

Legislations regarding overtime and night shift jobs vary from country to country, but they generally aim to protect the rights and well-being of workers. Here are some key points to consider:

Overtime: Legislations often define overtime as any hours worked beyond the standard working hours, usually 40 hours per week. They typically require employers to pay a higher rate for overtime work, which is usually 1.5 to 2 times the regular hourly wage. These laws also often set limits on the maximum number of hours an employee can work in a day or week to prevent exploitation and ensure proper rest.

Night Shifts: Legislations related to night shift jobs focus on the health and safety of workers. They may require employers to provide additional benefits or compensation for employees working during night hours, such as higher wages or transportation allowances. In some cases, there may be restrictions on the duration of night shifts or requirements for adequate breaks and rest periods.

Worker Protection: Legislations often include provisions for worker protection, including regulations on workplace conditions, safety measures, and compensation for work-related injuries or illnesses. These laws may require employers to provide suitable lighting, ventilation, and ergonomic facilities for night shift workers to ensure their well-being.

Collective Bargaining: In many countries, labor unions play a significant role in negotiating and advocating for better working conditions and benefits for employees, including those related to overtime and night shift work. Collective bargaining agreements often address issues such as overtime pay rates, scheduling preferences, and safeguards against excessive working hours.

Provisions of night shift jobs

Industry-wise the provisions are made, such as manufacturing industry – employee/workforce working in the shift are provided with:

  • Transportation
  • Reduced workload

Night shift jobs: Everything you need to know - Shiftbase

In the IT industry there is provision for women employees working after 8.00 pm i.e. special arrangements like transportation from office till doorstep, schedule job shift jointly in group gender wise, vehicle transporting women employees to be given a special pass, Vehicle transporting women staff in the night should be equipped with:

GPS devices, SMS alerts to be initiated, and Collection of identification details of the driver.

Extra pay for working night shift jobs is a matter of agreement between the employer and the employee (or the employee’s representative). The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not require extra pay for night work.

The night shift – also known as the third shift – is usually a shift that goes after midnights, such as an 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. shift, or a 5 p.m. to 2 a.m. shift. Changes ending before midnight are often called an afternoon shift since they begin in the afternoon.

Do the night shift jobs pay more?

Night shift jobs often come with a higher pay rate compared to day shift positions. This is mainly due to the inconvenience and potential health risks associated with working during nighttime hours. Employers compensate employees for sacrificing their regular sleep schedule and adjusting to an unconventional work routine. The higher pay is also intended to attract workers to fill these less desirable shifts.

Moreover, night shift jobs often require additional skills or qualifications. Skills such as the ability to work independently, handle emergencies, or deal with minimal supervision. These requirements may justify the higher pay rate as well.

In some industries, such as healthcare, emergency services, and security, night shifts are essential for providing round-the-clock services and ensuring public safety. These jobs often involve working in high-pressure environments or dealing with critical situations, further justifying the increased compensation.

However, it is worth noting that the exact pay difference between day and night shift jobs can vary. It is depending on the industry, location, and specific employer policies. Some employers may offer a flat shift differential pay. Some others may provide a percentage increase based on the base wage.

Ultimately, whether night shift jobs pay more or not is determined by various factors specific to each job and employer. It is advisable to research and compare job offers to understand the specific compensation structures before making a decision.

Are 12-hour night shift jobs legal?

Night shift jobs are a common occurrence in many industries, especially those that require round-the-clock operations. However, the legality of 12-hour night shift jobs may vary depending on the country and specific labor laws in place.

In some countries, there are regulations that govern the duration and conditions of night shift work. These regulations often aim to protect the health and well-being of employees. They do this by limiting the number of consecutive hours worked and providing adequate rest breaks. This is ensuring proper compensation for working during unsociable hours.

For instance, in the United States, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not limit the number of hours that an employer can schedule an employee to work. However, it requires employers to pay overtime wages for any hours worked over 40 in a workweek.

In other countries, there may be specific laws that restrict the number of hours an employee can work during a night shift. These laws may impose limits on consecutive hours worked or require additional rest periods and breaks.

It is important for both employers and employees to familiarize themselves with the labor laws in their respective countries or regions. This is to ensure compliance and protection of workers’ rights. Consulting with legal experts or labor authorities can provide further guidance on the legality of 12-hour night shift jobs.

Pay for Night shift jobs workers

Night shift jobs have become increasingly common in India. Businesses strive to operate around the clock and cater to global markets. Pay for night shift workers in India varies . It is depending on various factors such as the industry, location, and level of expertise.

In general, night shift workers in India receive higher pay compared to their counterparts working during the day. This is primarily due to the inconvenience and health risks associated with working during night time hours. Employers often compensate night shift workers with additional allowances or differential pay to acknowledge these challenges.

The pay for night shift jobs in India can range from slightly higher to significantly higher than day shift jobs. Some industries, such as call centers, IT support services, and healthcare facilities, heavily rely on night shift workers. They  offer competitive pay to attract and retain talent. These sectors understand the importance of maintaining a 24/7 operation. They are willing to pay a premium for night shift employees.

Moreover, location plays a significant role in determining night shift pay. Metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru, and Chennai tend to offer higher salaries compared to smaller towns and rural areas. This is partly due to the higher cost of living in these cities. The demand for night shift workers is also increasing in such cities.

Lastly, the level of expertise and experience of the worker also influences their pay. Skilled professionals who work in night shifts, such as software developers, data analysts, or specialized technicians, often command higher salaries. This is to their valuable skill sets and the critical nature of their work during nighttime hours.

Preparing for Night Shift Job Interview

  1. Understand the job requirements: Research the specific responsibilities and skills required for the night shift position you are applying for. Prepare the Resume to the best level for the Interview.
  2. Adjust your schedule: Start adjusting your sleep schedule a few days before the interview to ensure you are well-rested during nighttime hours.
  3. Be prepared for different interview timings: Night shift interviews may be scheduled during non-traditional hours. Confirm the interview time and plan accordingly.
  4. Research the company: Familiarize yourself with the company’s values, mission, and any recent developments to demonstrate your interest.
  5. Dress appropriately: Dress professionally for the interview, regardless of the shift timing.
  6. Highlight relevant experience: Emphasize any previous night shift experience or transferable skills that make you a suitable candidate.
  7. Prepare questions: Prepare thoughtful questions to ask the interviewer about the night shift dynamics, work-life balance, and team collaboration.
  8. Demonstrate adaptability: Showcase your ability to adjust to different schedules and work effectively during nighttime hours.
  9. Practice self-care: Prepare yourself physically and mentally by eating nutritious meals, staying hydrated, and getting enough rest before the interview.
  10. Stay positive and confident: Approach the interview with a positive attitude, highlighting your enthusiasm for working the night shift and how it aligns with your career goals.


In conclusion, night shift jobs in India offer a range of opportunities across various industries. They provide flexible schedules, higher pay rates, and unique work experiences. However, individuals considering these jobs should be prepared to adapt to a different sleeping pattern. Also it is important to maintain a healthy work-life balance. Overall, night shift jobs can be fulfilling for those seeking employment during non-traditional hours in India.

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